Increasing age reduces the fertility of both men and women, although to different extents.
The decline in women’s fertility becomes apparent from around 30 years and is more significant from around 35 years of age. The chance of successful conception in each natural menstrual cycle is nearly 20% in women aged 30 or less, but drops to 5% in women by the time they turn 40.
In women over the age of 45 years, the chances of falling pregnant are rare and has higher rates of m... Read More
Although significant focus has been placed on female reproductive aging, there is also an age-related decline in sperm function and male fertility.
There is a decline in testicular function, which includes declining testosterone levels each year.Sperm parameters including semen volume, motility, and morphology decrease with age, although a decline in sperm concentration has not been shown.
Most studies suggest that male age does not affect IVF/ intracytoplasmi... Read More
Alcohol is known to be teratogenic and its consumption has been reported to reduce fertility. Studying effects of alcohol consumption is difficult because of heterogeneous measures and classifications and also because self-reported data tend to underestimate intake.
EFFECT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON NATURAL REPRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL
The number of studies of a possible effect of alcohol consumption on fertility is limit... Read More
Vaginal bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy is common and does not always mean you have a problem. However, depending on the volume of bleeding, it can be a warning sign of a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.
How common is bleeding in pregnancy happen?
1in 4 women will experience bleeding... Read More
CAFFEINE INTAKE IN INFERTILITY AND PREGNANCY
High levels of caffeine consumption (500 mg; >5 cups of coffee/day or its equivalent) have been associated with decreased fertility.
During pregnancy, caffeine consumption over 200 to 300 mg/day (2–3 cups/day) may increase risk for miscarriage but does not affect risk for congenital anomalies.
In one trial involving 1,207 women who were randomly assigned to drink decaffeinated versus caffeinated cof... Read More
SCRATCH BEFORE IVF:
Endometrial scratching is thought to help improve chances of implantation.
What is endometrial scratching?
The endometrial scratching (ES) procedure is thought to trigger the body to repair the site of the scratch, releasing chemicals and hormones that make the womb lining more receptive to an implanting embryo. It is also suggested that the treatment could activate genes that make the womb lining more recepti... Read More
What is infertility or subfertility?
Infertility or Subfertility is defined as the inability to get pregnant after 12 months of regular unprotected sex.
What are the chances to get pregnant naturally in any given month?
Approximately the chance of conceiving naturally in any given month in the first year of trying is 20 %. (20% every month)
What are the chances to get pregnant naturally in first 2 years of trying?Read More
*Set realistic goals*Exercise – 45 - 60min/day minimum
*Have fruits of your choice-apple/orange/guava/pomegranate
*In case eating out, try to fill your stomach at home just before leaving.
*Eat salads just before meals. *Tea/ coffee – not more than 2small cups a day.
*Drink enough water 8-12 glasses/day. No water with meals
*Salad without dressing*iodized salt should be used
*Whole ... Read More
Do you appear pale, feel lethargic, experience shortness of breath, constant headache and frequent chest pain? Despite eating well, you are not able to figure out what’s wrong with you. Well, it could be anaemia due to reduced haemoglobin levels.
Getting a regular blood check-up is important. Normal haemoglobin levels are between 12 to 16 grams% for women.
Food plays the most important role in maintaining healthy Haemoglobin levels Below is a list of foods that impr... Read More
What is obesity?
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of the relationship between a person’s height and weight. BMI of 30 or more is labelled as Obesity.
The recommended BMI range is between
Ovarian reserve tests predict how a woman having fertility treatment would respond to the drugs used to stimulate the ovaries and ultimately how many eggs she may produce.
Ovarian reserve can be assessed through blood tests to measure two important hormones: Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) or Antral Follicular Count(AFC)by an ultrasound scan that counts the growing follicles within each ovary.<... Read More
Recurrent implantation failure refers to failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after transfer of at least four good-quality embryos in a minimum of three fresh or frozen cycles in a woman under the age of 40 years.
Implantation is a complex process whereby the embryo attaches itself to the inner lining of the ... Read More
Smoking is associated with a dose-dependent compromised reproductive outcome. This is true not only for actively smoking women, but also for non-smoking women with smoking partners or otherwise exposed to a smoking environment.
A problem for analysis is posed by the lack of unanimity concerning the definition of who is a smoker.
EFFECT OF SMOKING ON NATURAL REPRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL.
What is nausea and vomiting of pregnancy?
Nausea and vomiting is a symptom of pregnancy and affects most women to some degree. It begins early in pregnancy, most commonly between the 4th and 7th week. It usually settles by 12–14 weeks and in severe cases, vomiting can last up to 20 weeks. Occasionally, it can last until the end of pregnancy.
It is often called ‘morning sickness’ but it can occur at any time of the day or night. The cause is t... Read More