Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common health conditionthat affects 10-15% of women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS have a hormonal imbalance and metabolism problems that may affect their overall health and appearance. PCOS is a very common and treatable cause of infertility.
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common health problem caused by an imbalance of reproductive hormones. This hormonal imbalance creates problems in the ovaries. Normally the ovaries make the egg that is released each month as part of a regular healthy menstrual cycle. With PCOS, the egg may not develop as normally it should or it may not be released during ovulation as it should be.
How common is PCOS problem in young women?
Approximately 10 -15% of women during the years you can have children have PCOS. Most women find out they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they have problems getting pregnant or not having the regular monthly periods. PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.
Who gets PCOS?
Women of all races and ethnicities are at risk of PCOS. Your risk of having PCOS may be higher if you are overweight or if you have a mother, sister, or aunt with PCOS.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
What causes PCOS?The exact cause of PCOS is not known. Most experts think that several factors, including genetics, play a role:
Can I still get pregnant if I have PCOS?
Having PCOS does not mean you can't get pregnant. PCOS is one of the most common, but treatable, causes of infertility in women. If all other parameters are normal including husband’s semen analysis, not releasing the egg is the reason why PCOS women do not conceive. In women with PCOS, the hormonal imbalance interferes with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation). If you don't ovulate / do not release egg, then you can't get pregnant.
Is PCOS linked to other health problems?
Yes, studies have found links between PCOS and other health problems, including:
The risks of PCOS-related health problems, such as diabetes, stroke, and heart attack, increase with age. These risks may be higher in women with PCOS than those without.
Will my PCOS symptoms go away at menopause?
PCOS affects many systems in the body. Many women with PCOS find that their menstrual cycles become more regular as they get closer to menopause. However, their PCOS hormonal imbalance does not change with age, so they may continue to have symptoms of PCOS.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
There is no single test to diagnose PCOS. To help diagnose PCOS and rule out other causes of your symptoms, doctor will talk to you about your medical history and do a physical exam and different tests:
How is PCOS diagnosed?
Once other conditions are ruled out, you may be diagnosed with PCOS if you have at least two of the following symptoms:
How is PCOS treated?
There is no cure for PCOS, but you can manage the symptoms of PCOS. Treatment plan can be discussed based on your symptoms, your plans for having children, and your risk of long-term health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. Many women will need a combination of treatments, including Steps you can take at home to help relieve your symptoms and Medicines
What steps can I take at home to improve my PCOS symptoms?
You can take steps at home to help your PCOS symptoms, including:
Losing weight. Healthy eating habits and regular physical activity can help relieve PCOS-related symptoms. Losing weight may help to lower your blood glucose levels, improve the way your body uses insulin, and help your hormones reach normal levels. Even a 10% loss in body weight can help make your menstrual cycle more regular and improve your chances of getting pregnant naturally. Weight can be lost effectively by doing regular exercises and having healthy diet simultaneously.
Removing hair. You can try facial hair removal creams, laser hair removal, or electrolysis to remove excess hair. Procedures like laser hair removal or electrolysis can be done.
Slowing hair growth. Medicine Cream can help slow down the growth rate of new hair in unwanted places.
How can I get rid of PCOS problem?
PCOS problem is present in the genes.
What types of medicines treat PCOS?
The types of medicines that treat PCOS and its symptoms include:
What are my treatment options for PCOS if I want to get pregnant?
You have several options to help your chances of getting pregnant if you have PCOS:
Losing weight. If you have overweight or obesity, losing weight through healthy eating and regular physical activity can help make your menstrual cycle more regular and improve your fertility..
Medicine. Doctor might prescribe medicine to help you ovulate, such as clomiphene, Letrozole and hormonal injections.
Natural conception: If the periods are regular and ovulation is documented, women can conceive naturally.
Ovulation induction and timed Intercourse:Ovulation induction involves using fertility medications to stimulate growth and release of 2-3 eggs for fertilization in women having trouble getting pregnant. If there is difficult in growing eggs with fertility medications, then low dose hormonal injections need to be given to grow and release the egg/eggs.
Intra Uterine Insemination: This is done if ovulation induction method fails. This is a technique where semen preparation is done to get most healthy and progressively motile sperm from the husband and is injected through the cervix into the cavity of the wife’s uterus using a fine tube.
In vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF may be an option ifovulation induction and IUI methods did not work initially. In IVF, your egg is fertilized with your partner's sperm in a laboratory and then embryo is placed in your uterus to implant and develop. IVF has higher pregnancy rates and better control over your risk of having multiple pregnancies.
Surgery. Surgery is also an option, usually only if the other options do not work. Ovarian drilling is a surgery in which the doctor makes a few holes in the surface of your ovary using a fine needle heated with electricity. Surgery usually restores ovulation, but only upto 9 months.
How does PCOS affect pregnancy?
PCOS can cause problems during pregnancy for you and for your baby. Women with PCOS have higher rates of
How can I prevent problems from PCOS during pregnancy?
You can lower your risk of problems during pregnancy by: